Thousands of years before the advent of the great classical Maya and Aztec civilizations, an unknown megalithic culture occupied much of Mexico and Central America. Centuries of looting and the ravages of time have caused all but few of the vestiges of this great megalithic civilization to disappear. Buried deep in the jungle or lying forgotten in the remote central highlands of Mexico are however the remains of immense stone monuments that may rival those of Egypt and Peru. At Texcoco, near Mexico City, an entire mountain was carved into terraces, monolithic stairways, aqueducts and tunnels that not only bear all the marks of great antiquity, but also the unmistakable signs of an advanced machining technology. At Malinalco, an entire pyramid was carved from the rock, together with terraces and enigmatic rooms.
Giant stone ramparts, built in the cyclopean style, surround the hill-top fortress of Xochicalco, amidst immense fallen blocks that may weight up to 5 tons (Above).
Within sight of Xochicalco (Above), in the still unexplored highlands of Morelos, lies one of the greatest centers of this civilization: The mysterious stone fortresses of Chimalacatlán and Huautla possess megalithic walls that rival in accuracy and craftmanship the finest structures of Peru, near the place where tradition claims a great stone city once stood.
At Teotihuacan, the “City of the Gods” of ancient Mesoamerica, the foundations of enormous megalithic structures that may predate everything else at the site by hundreds if not thousands of years have been recently uncovered near the Pyramid of Feathered Serpents, with little known of their age or function (Above). In a complete confusion, enormous stone blocks weighing in excess of 10 tons lie on top of each other amidst the rubble of later structures. An even larger sculpture, weighing perhaps 150 tons, lay abandoned for hundreds of years at a nearby quarry at Coatlinchán, before it was removed to decorate a fountain in Mexico City.
The same unknown civilization may have been responsible for the construction of the great megalithic edifices and tombs of Mitla and Monte Albán, where giant lintels and monolithic columns ornate the facades of later palaces and colonial churches (Above).
And also at Tajin, the “City of Thunder” on the coast of Veracruz, where huge stone blocks measuring as many as 7 meters long were fitted together with remarkable accuracy (Above). In spite of its very well-known Aztec and Maya archaeological ruins, visited every year by millions of tourists, Mexico is still very much an uncharted territory in terms of megalithic research.
Cyclopean walls and the remains of giant megalithic structures have been reported at places like Acatzingo, in Central Mexico, and at Ikil, in Yucatan, with many more sites still awaiting discovery or proper scientific investigation. We believe that these structures represent the legacy of a yet unknown megalithic civilization, older than the Olmecs, which may well have been the true mother-culture of ancient Mesoamerica. Like at Teotihuacan, the ancestors of the Maya and the Aztecs found these great ancient structures already in ruins and believed them to be the work of the Gods. The true identity of their builders is a puzzle still awaiting to be unraveled.
Oaxaca / Photo: ©Marco M. Vigato
By Marco M. Vigato. Marco holds an MBA from Harvard Business School and a BA and MSc in Finance from Bocconi University. He is a photographer and researcher documenting the evidence of ancient civilizations and sacred sites around the world, specifically the megalithic remains of ancient Mexico and Mesoamerica. A native of Italy, he currently lives in Mexico City. Please follow his personal blog Uncharted Ruins as well as his Facebook Page for insightful articles and photographs relating to ancient history and megalithic structures